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Hair loss

Hair loss is a common condition which mostly occurs in men, and to a lesser extent in women. The most common cause is hereditary hair loss, also called Alopecia Androgenetica. Hair loss is extremely annoying, but there are several treatments which can prevent hair loss, or may help control different degrees of hair loss.

Medically reviewed by Prof. Dr. O. Patho on December 17, 2018


  • Information

    What is hair loss?

    Hair loss is a natural process which can affect anyone, and it is normal to lose hair every day. Moreover, men often start to lose more hair from the age of 20 onwards. This type of hair thinning, which is often hereditary, usually starts at the crown and at the temples.

    A similar kind of hair loss can also occur in women but usually starts at an older age. Furthermore, a woman’s hair becomes thinner all over, rather than just in specific places. In addition, some disorders can also contribute to more rapid hair loss.

    What are the symptoms of hair loss?

    Where there is excessive hair loss, it is important to note the symptoms. At first, it may not always be clear that the hair loss is serious, and this is often only discovered later.

    Symptoms of hair loss:

    • Losing more than 50 to 100 hairs per day
    • Round or bald spots on the head
    • With hereditary hair loss, the hair loss is progressive
    • In summer, the scalp may burn more easily

    What are causes of hair loss?

    Hair loss has various causes, but hereditary hair loss is the most common. With this condition, it’s the hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT) which causes the hair loss. The DHT hormone occurs in both men and women and is a derivative of the male hormone testosterone. This hormone causes reduced hair growth and the hair root follicle eventually dies.

    However, there are also some other causes of hair loss. It is possible hair loss may be caused by:

    • A hair disease
    • Radiation
    • Chemotherapy
    • Poor condition of the scalp
    • Vitamin A poisoning
    • Shortage of iron

    How is hair loss diagnosed?

    According to the American Academy of Dermatology, a person normally loses between 50 and 100 hairs per day. This is part of the body's own hair regeneration process and does not cause baldness.

    Once more hair loss occurs, or the hairs that grow back become weaker, this can be described as pathological hair loss. This then becomes visible once thinning hair or bald spots develop.

  • Treatments

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