Skin & lifestyle
Ketoconazole is a medication which kills fungi and yeasts. It is prescribed by doctors against fungal and yeast infections of the skin, including the scalp. Ketoconazole in tablet form is also used to treat Cushing's syndrome – a disease of the adrenal glands.
Medically reviewed by A.H. Kevenaar on December 17, 2018
Doctors prescribe ketoconazole cream for yeast and fungal infections of the skin, such as athlete's foot.
Ketoconazole shampoo can also be used for cradle cap, a yeast infection which occurs in children, and seborrhoeic eczema of the scalp (dandruff).
Those with Cushing's syndrome can use ketoconazole tablets to suppress production of the adrenal corticosteroid cortisol.
Ketoconazole is a substance which kills yeasts and fungi, and is used in a cream or shampoo to fight yeast and fungal skin infections.
When taken by mouth, ketoconazole inhibits the production of cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal cortex.
Ketoconazole tablets are thus used to treat Cushing's syndrome, a disease in which the adrenal glands produce too much cortisol.
Always finish your course of ketoconazole, even if your symptoms have disappeared. Use ketoconazole shampoo after your wash, at least twice a week. First use normal shampoo, rinse, and then apply ketoconazole shampoo. Leave the medication on for 3 to 5 minutes and then rinse your hair, applying a conditioner after the ketoconazole shampoo if necessary.
Ketoconazole cream should be applied 1 to 2 times a day on and around the affected areas.
Ketoconazole tablets are easier to take with water, and taking them during or shortly after a meal promotes their absorption into your system.
Ketoconazole is produced by different manufacturers and is also available in unbranded versions, but only on prescription.
Do not buy cheap products without a doctor’s prescription. Such medication often contains no active ingredients and can even be harmful.